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Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

Common law admission test is a national level entrance test, taken for admissions in 22 national law universities across India. Some of the reputed private and self-financed colleges also use these scores for admission. The Consortium of National Law Universities was established on 19th August 2017 with the aim of improving the standard of legal education in the country and justice system through legal education with Prof. R. Venkata Rao, erstwhile Vice-Chancellor, NLSIU as President and Prof. Faizan Mustafa, Vice-Chancellor, NALSAR, as Vice-President.

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a nationwide entrance exam for candidates seeking admission to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programs at 22 NLUs and other private schools and universities that accept CLAT scores. CLAT-PG results are also used for recruitment by some public organizations, such as ONGC and BHEL. Every year, about 50,000 people take the CLAT exam. The CLAT question paper for UG courses consists of 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) based on understanding from five subjects: English Language, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques. The CLAT PG question paper, on the other hand, contains objective questions from a variety of law areas, such as Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Criminal Law, Company Law, Law of Contract, etc.

CLAT Conducting Body

The CLAT exam was administered by NLUs on a rotating basis until 2018. However, starting in 2019, it will be run by a permanent body made up of institutions, known as the Consortium of NLUs. The Consortium (also known as the CLAT Consortium) is headquartered at NLSIU Bangalore and consists of the following members:

  • An Executive Committee
  • The CLAT Convenor of the last year
  • The CLAT Convenor of the following year 
  • Two co-opted Vice-Chancellors of NLU


The Convenor of CLAT 2021 is Professor (Dr) Vijender Kumar, Vice-Chancellor of Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur (MNLU Nagpur). Professor Faizan Mustafa, the Vice-Chancellor of the National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR), has been elected as the Consortium’s president for CLAT 2021.

Eligibility Criteria

  • The is no upper age limit for undergraduate programs in CLAT 2021.  
  • Candidates should obtain at least 45% marks or its equivalent grade in the case of candidates belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories in the 10+2 or its equivalent examination. 
  • It is 40% for the candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.  
  • An LLB degree or its equivalent with 50% of marks is required to apply CLAT postgraduate examination. 
  • It is 45% of marks for candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
  • There is no upper age limit to apply for CLAT.


  • Visit the official website of CLAT Consortium of NLU- www.clatconsortiumofnlu.ac.in  
  • On the homepage, click on the ‘Register’  
  • Fill in the basic details such as name, mobile number, and email address.  
  • Upload the required documents that include the photograph and signature.
  • Complete all the mandatory fields in the CLAT application form such as qualificationand preference for NLUs.  
  • Pay the prescribed CLAT application fee  
  • Submit the application form  
  • Download the soft copy and take a printout for future reference.

Exam Pattern

  • English including comprehension
  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs 
  • Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)  
  • Legal Aptitude 
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Constitutional Law 
  • Other Law Subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR, andJurisprudence
  • Subjective Questions – On the topics of law and contemporary issues

How to Check Seat Allotment Results?

Candidates can check the CLAT seat allotment result by following the steps mentioned below:

  • Visit the official website of – https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in/
  • Login using registered mobile number and password
  • Click on the link available for the seat allotment result
  • Check the status of your seat allotment
  • If a seat is allotted, either accept, apply for an upgrade or exit the admission process

Clat Counseling Fee Refund

The CLAT 2021 counseling fee of Rs 50,000 is refundable. Candidates will get the whole refund if they withdraw their seats before August 18. However, those withdrawing their CLAT seat after August 18 will have to pay a penalty of Rs 10,000. This means Rs 40,000 will be refunded to them.

CLAT Result and Merit List

CLAT results are released online mode on the official website. To check the CLAT results, candidates need to log in using their mobile number and password. Candidates can follow the steps below to download the CLAT scorecard:

  • Visit the official website of the exam – https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in/
  • Click on the answer key or result link
  • Login using mobile number and password
  • Download the answer key or result

CLAT Exam Analysis

Like previous years, the difficulty level of the exam was moderate this year. However, time management was a major issue for most of the candidates as the paper was lengthy. Check major highlights of CLAT analysis 2021 below:

  • The CLAT 2021 difficulty level was moderate
  • There were not many tricky questions this year
  • The paper was lengthy and required candidates to read through the passages and the questions fast
  • This year, there were many passages on COVID-19
  • The General Knowledge section also contained many static GK questions this year
  • The Quantitative Aptitude section was the easiest

New in CLAT 2021

  • CLAT exam centers: The number of CLAT test cities has expanded from 67 to 84, according to the CLAT Consortium. The Consortium of NLUs also provided the option of revising CLAT test center options from July 1-4, in order to ensure that candidates take the CLAT exam at a site that is closest to their current location.
  • CLAT LLM pattern: The Consortium of NLUs deleted the descriptive portion from the CLAT exam design for LLM as a major modification. In a two-hour period, all PG candidates had to answer 120 objective-type questions. The CLAT pattern for UG courses, on the other hand, remained unchanged.
  • CLAT exam mode: While the second wave of COVID-19 is ongoing, the CLAT Consortium is likely to administer the law admission exam in an online format, as it did last year. The law exam, on the other hand, was conducted in a pen-and-paper format.
Things to Carry for the Examination
  • CLAT admit card
  • Photo ID proof
  • Self-health declaration form
  • Attested photo, in case the one printed on the admit card is blur or not clear
  • Disability certificate, if applicable
  • Blue/black ball-point pen
  • Transparent water bottle
  • Face masks, gloves, hand sanitizer
  • Analog watch
Exam Day Instructions
  • Candidates should report at their allotted test centers at least an hour before the exam timings
  • There might be no provision for depositing bags at the exam center. Therefore, candidates are advised to carry only essential items to the test center.
  • The admit card along with the original photo ID proof will be checked at the entry gate. Candidates must keep them ready and handy for verification.
  • Due to COVID-19, all PwD candidates have to arrange their own scribe at their own cost. The qualification of the scribe should be one step below the qualification of the candidate taking the CLAT exam.
  • Candidates must follow instructions given by the invigilator carefully. No clarification regarding CLAT questions will be given to candidates later during the exam.
  • Candidates must not involve in cheating or any unfair means
  • Candidates must leave the exam hall only after the completion of the exam after submitting the OMR sheet to the invigilator.
Coivd-19 Guidelines
  • All candidates must appear at the CLAT center wearing COVID-19 protection masks.
  • Candidates must strictly follow social distancing guidelines and should avoid standing in groups
  • Candidates should maintain a distance of two feet from other candidates and parents
  • Candidates are recommended to carry their personal hand sanitizer
  • All candidates will have to undergo the testing of their temperature through a thermo-gun at the entry gate
  • Any candidate who is COVID positive or is under medical supervision will not be allowed to take the CLAT paper

CLAT Preparation Plan

While preparing for CLAT, it was important for candidates to have a plan in mind. This is how candidates should have planned their CLAT preparation: 

  • Have a proper section-wise CLAT preparation strategy in place
  • Know CLAT exam patterns and thoroughly go through the CLAT syllabus for UG courses
  • Pick the best CLAT books for study
  • The aim should be to score well in each section of CLAT question paper 2021
  • Focus on your time management skills and improving the speed of answering questions on quantitative techniques  
  • Solve as many CLAT mock tests, sample papers, and previous years’ question papers as possible to know your strong and weak areas for the exam

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Frequently Asked Questions

The CLAT course refers to the Common Law Admission Test course. CLAT is an entrance examination conducted in India for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate law programs offered by participating National Law Universities (NLUs) and other institutions. The CLAT course covers various areas of law, including constitutional law, criminal law, contract law, legal reasoning, general awareness, and more. The aim of the CLAT exam is to assess a candidate’s aptitude and knowledge in these areas to determine their eligibility for admission to law programs in prestigious institutions across India.

To appear for the CLAT Exam 2024, it is essential to study five subjects: Logical Reasoning, Legal Aptitude, English Language, Mathematics, and General Knowledge. All of these subjects hold equal significance in the exam. If you have plans to take the CLAT in 2024, it is recommended to opt for the humanities or arts stream after completing your 10th grade.

The syllabus for CLAT 2024 will vary for undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs. The UG CLAT syllabus 2024 will consist of five sections: English language, General knowledge and current affairs, legal aptitude, logical reasoning, and quantitative abilities. On the other hand, the CLAT LLM syllabus will cover topics from the common law subjects studied in LLB programs.

CLAT can be considered challenging, but the level of difficulty varies for each individual. It requires thorough preparation, understanding of concepts, and effective time management. However, with proper study and practice, it is possible to achieve good results in the CLAT exam.

The reason for the higher fees charged for the CLAT exam compared to other exams conducted by bodies like the National Testing Agency is because the NLUs (National Law Universities) independently conduct the CLAT examination. Unlike exam conducting bodies that receive grants from the Centre, the NLUs rely on the application fees to cover the expenses associated with conducting the online examination.

With a rank of 8000, the likelihood of securing admission to any of the institutes that accept CLAT scores is quite low.

Students who achieve a CLAT rank within the range of 1-1000 have a guaranteed opportunity to secure a seat in the prestigious NLUs (National Law Universities)

To be eligible for the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), the qualification criteria state that you must have attained a minimum of 45% marks in the Qualifying Exam (Class XII examination) if you belong to categories such as Unreserved, OBC, or Specially Abled Persons (SAP). For SC/ST categories, the minimum requirement is 40% marks.

The assessment of whether 70 marks in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is considered good or not depends on various factors such as the difficulty level of the exam, the overall performance of candidates, and the cutoff marks set by different colleges for admission. It is recommended to check the cutoff scores of the particular colleges or universities you are targeting to get a clearer understanding of how your score compares to the required cutoff. Additionally, keep in mind that admission decisions are based on multiple factors, including the number of available seats and the performance of other candidates.

A score of 25 in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is relatively low considering the total marks of the exam. CLAT is a highly competitive exam, and a score of 25 may not meet the cutoff marks set by most colleges and universities for admission. It is advisable to aim for a higher score to increase your chances of securing admission to a desired law school. However, it is important to note that the specific cutoff scores can vary from year to year and across different institutions, so it is recommended to check the cutoff marks of the colleges you are interested in for a more accurate assessment.

A score of 54 in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is considered a decent score. CLAT is a competitive exam, and scoring 54 marks indicates a reasonable level of performance. However, it’s important to note that the overall assessment depends on various factors such as the difficulty level of the exam, the cutoff scores set by different colleges, and the overall performance of other candidates. To determine the competitiveness of your score, it is advisable to check the cutoff marks of the specific colleges or universities you are interested in.

The rank corresponding to a score of 70 marks in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) can vary depending on various factors such as the difficulty level of the exam, the overall performance of candidates, and the cutoff scores set by different colleges. To determine the rank associated with a specific score, it is necessary to refer to the official cutoff ranks released by the respective institutions or the organizing body of the exam. These cutoff ranks can provide a better understanding of where a score of 70 falls in relation to the overall performance of candidates.

A rank of 2000 in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) can be considered a good rank. CLAT is a highly competitive exam, and securing a rank within the top 2000 indicates a commendable performance. However, it’s important to note that the perception of a “good” rank can vary depending on individual preferences and the cutoff ranks set by different colleges. It is advisable to check the cutoff ranks of the specific colleges or universities you are interested in to evaluate your chances of admission.

The number of students who clear CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) every year varies from year to year. The exact number can fluctuate depending on factors such as the total number of candidates who appeared for the exam and the performance of candidates in that particular year. The clearing percentage and the total number of successful candidates are usually announced by the conducting authority after the results are declared. It is advisable to refer to official sources or reports to obtain the specific figures for a particular year.

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